Welcome to the comprehensive guide on Science Practicals for Class 10 students following the CBSE curriculum for the academic year 2023-24. Practical work forms the backbone of any scientific understanding, offering students the unique opportunity to apply their theoretical knowledge, foster analytical skills, and develop a scientific temperament. This PDF has been meticulously designed to provide detailed experiments, complete with objectives, materials required, procedures, observations, and inferences. Each practical is aligned with the latest CBSE guidelines, ensuring that you are well-prepared for your examinations. Dive in and embark on a hands-on journey into the world of science!
List of Experiments for CBSE Class 10 Science Practicals
1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator: (not included for this academic year)
(i) Dilute hydrochloric acid
(ii) Dilute NaOH solution
(iii) Dilute ethanoic acid solution
(iv) Lemon juice
(vi) Dilute hydrogen carbonate solution
B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:
a) Litmus solution (Blue/red)
b) Zinc metal
c) Solid sodium carbonate
2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classify them into:
A. Combination reaction
B. Decomposition reaction
C. Displacement reaction
D. Double displacement reaction
(i) Action of water on quicklime
(ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
(iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
(iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions
3. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
iv) Al2 (SO4)3(aq)
Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.
4. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determining its resistance. Also, plotting a graph between V and I.
5. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.
6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.
7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.
8. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):
ii) Solubility in water
iii) Effect on litmus
iv) Reaction with sodium hydrogen carbonate
9. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.
10. Determination of the focal length of:
i) Concave mirror
ii) Convex lens
by obtaining the image of a distant object
11. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, and angle of emergence and interpret the result.
12. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides.
13. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.
14. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Peas, gram or red kidney bean).
Internal Assessment Class 10 Science Marking Scheme
|Periodic Assessment||05 marks + 05 marks|
|Practical Work||05 marks|
Download Science Practicals for Class 10 CBSE PDF 2023-24 – Click Here
Also check CBSE Syllabus 2023-24