Elevate Your Writing: Class 10 Modals Explained Simply and Clearly

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By Sonam Dwivedi

Are you a Class 10 CBSE student looking to enhance your understanding of modals? Modals are an essential aspect of English grammar that can significantly improve your writing and speaking skills. In this article, we’ll break down modals in simple terms and provide a step-by-step guide on how to use them effectively. Let’s dive in!


Modals are a type of auxiliary verb that express necessity, obligation, permission, possibility, ability, or willingness in a sentence. They are used to modify the meaning of the main verb and indicate the mood or attitude of the speaker.


Can: I can swim.
Must: You must complete your homework.

Commonly Used Modals

There are several modals commonly used in English, including “can,” “could,” “may,” “might,” “must,” “shall,” “should,” “will,” “would,” and “ought to.” Each modal has its own unique usage and meaning.


  • Can/Could: Can I borrow your book? Could you help me with this?
  • May/Might: May I leave early? It might rain later.
  • Must: You must follow the rules.
  • Should: You should study for your exams.

How to Use Modals in Writing

When using modals in writing, it’s important to understand their functions and follow grammatical rules. Modals are followed by the base form of the verb (infinitive) without “to.”


Correct: She can swim.
Incorrect: She can to swim.

Expressing Possibility, Permission, and Obligation

Modals can express various meanings depending on the context of the sentence. They can indicate possibility, permission, obligation, or necessity.


  • Possibility: It may rain tomorrow.
  • Permission: You can go to the party.
  • Obligation: You must complete the assignment.

Politeness and Suggestions

Modals are also used to express politeness and make suggestions in a polite manner.


  • Politeness: Could you please pass me the salt?
  • Suggestions: You should try the new restaurant downtown.

Practice and Application

The best way to master the use of modals is through practice. Write sentences using different modals and pay attention to their usage in everyday conversations and written texts.


Students should study regularly to excel in their exams.


In conclusion, models are an integral part of English grammar that play a crucial role in expressing various meanings and attitudes in communication. By understanding their usage and practicing regularly, Class 10 CBSE students can improve their language skills and become more confident in their writing and speaking abilities. Happy learning!

Below, you’ll find a list of models along with their affirmative and negative forms.

1) WillWill Not/ Won’t
2) WouldWould Not/ Wouldn’t
3) ShallShall Not/ Shan’t
4) ShouldShould Not/ Shouldn’t
5) MayMay Not/ Mayn’t
6) MightMight Not/ Mightn’t
7) CanCan Not/ Can’t
8) CouldCould Not/ Couldn’t
9) MustMust Not/ Mustn’t
10) Have ToDon’t Have To
11) NeedNeed Not/ Needn’t
12) OughtOught Not To/ Oughtn’t To
13) DareDare Not/ Daren’t
14) Used ToUsed Not To/ Didn’t Use to
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