CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Syllabus 202223
Course Structure
One Paper – Max Marks: 80
No. 
Units 
No. of Periods 
Marks 
I. 
Relations and Functions 
30 
08 
II. 
Algebra 
50 
10 
III. 
Calculus 
80 
35 
IV. 
Vectors and Three – Dimensional Geometry 
30 
14 
V. 
Linear Programming 
20 
05 
VI. 
Probability 
30 
08 
Total 
240 
80 

Internal Assessment 
20 
UnitI: Relations and Functions
 Relations and Functions – 15 Periods
Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions.
 Inverse Trigonometric Functions 15 Periods Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions.
UnitII: Algebra
 Matrices – 25 Periods
Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. On commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of nonzero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2). Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).
 Determinants – 25 Periods
Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.
UnitIII: Calculus
 Continuity and Differentiability – 20 Periods
Continuity and differentiability, chain rule, derivative of inverse trigonometric functions,
???? sin^{−1} ? , cos^{−1} ? and tan^{−1} ?, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.
Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives.
 Applications of Derivatives – 10 Periods
Applications of derivatives: rate of change of bodies, increasing/decreasing functions, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real life situations).
 Integrals – 20 Periods
Integration as inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.
Fundamental Theoem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.
 Applications of the Integrals – 15 Periods
Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/ parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only)
 Differential Equations – 15 Periods
Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:
UnitIV: Vectors and ThreeDimensional Geometry
 Vectors – 15 Periods
Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors.
 Three – dimensional Geometry – 15 Periods
Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Angle between two lines.
UnitV: Linear Programming
 Linear Programming – 20 Periods
Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded or unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three nontrivial constraints).
UnitVI: Probability
 Probability – 30 Periods
Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean of random variable.
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