CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2023-24 (PDF Download)

CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus 2023-24

Accountancy (Code No. 055)

Class-XII (2023-24)

Theory: 80 Marks                                                                                                                                                                       3 Hours

Project: 20 Marks

Units

 

Periods

Marks

Part A

Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies

 

 

 

Unit 1. Accounting for Partnership Firms

105

36

 

Unit 2. Accounting for Companies

45

24

 

 

150

60

Part B

Financial Statement Analysis

 

 

 

Unit 3. Analysis of Financial Statements

30

12

 

Unit 4. Cash Flow Statement

20

8

 

 

50

20

Part C

Project Work

20

20

 

Project work will include:

 

 

 

Project File

12 Marks

 

 

 

Viva Voce

8 Marks

 

 

Or

Part B

Computerized Accounting

 

 

 

Unit 4. Computerized Accounting

50

20

Part C

Practical Work

20

20

 

Practical work will include:

 

 

 

Practical File 12 Marks

 

 

 

Viva Voce 8 Marks

 

 

 

Part A: Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies

Unit 1: Accounting for Partnership Firms

Units/Topics

Learning Outcomes

·        Partnership: features, Partnership Deed.

·        Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of partnership deed.

·        Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts. Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation account- division of profit among partners, guarantee of profits.

·        Past adjustments (relating to interest on capital, interest on drawing, salary and profit sharing ratio).

·        Goodwill: meaning, nature, factors affecting and methods of valuation – average profit, super profit and capitalization.

 

Note: Interest on partner’s loan is to be treated as a charge against profits.

Goodwill: meaning, factors affecting, need for valuation, methods for calculation (average profits, super profits and capitalization), adjusted through partners capital/ current account.

 

Accounting for Partnership firms – Reconstitution and Dissolution.

·        Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners – sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio, accounting for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves, accumulated profits and losses. Preparation of revaluation account and balance sheet.

·        Admission of a partner – effect of admission of a partner on change in the profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and re- assessment of liabilities, treatment of

reserves, accumulated profits and losses,

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·        state the meaning of partnership, partnership firm and partnership deed.

·        describe the characteristic features of partnership and the contents of partnership deed.

·        discuss the significance of provision of Partnership Act in the absence of partnership deed.

·        differentiate between fixed and fluctuating capital, outline the process and develop the understanding and skill of preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation Account.

·        develop the understanding and skill of preparation profit and loss appropriation account involving guarantee of profits.

·        develop the understanding and skill of making past adjustments.

·        state the meaning, nature and factors affecting goodwill

·        develop the understanding and skill of valuation of goodwill using different methods.

·        state the meaning of sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio and the change in profit sharing ratio among existing partners.

·        develop the understanding of accounting treatment of revaluation assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves and accumulated profits by preparing revaluation account and balance sheet.

·        explain the effect of change in profit sharing ratio on admission of a new partner.

·        develop the understanding and skill of

adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of capital, current account and balance sheet.

·        Retirement and death of a partner: effect of retirement / death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, adjustment of accumulated profits, losses and reserves, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of capital, current account and balance sheet. Preparation of loan account of the retiring partner.

·        Calculation of deceased partner’s share of profit till the date of death. Preparation of deceased partner’s capital account and his executor’s account.

·        Dissolution of a partnership firm: meaning of dissolution of partnership and partnership firm, types of dissolution of a firm. Settlement of accounts – preparation of realization account, and other related accounts: capital accounts of partners and cash/bank a/c (excluding piecemeal distribution, sale to a company and insolvency of partner(s)).

Note:

(i) If the realized value of tangible assets is not given it should be considered as realized at book value itself.

(ii) If the realized value of intangible assets is not given it should be considered as nil (zero value).

(ii) In case, the realization expenses are borne by a partner, clear indication should be given regarding the

payment thereof.

treatment of goodwill as per AS-26, treatment of revaluation of assets and re-assessment of liabilities, treatment of reserves and accumulated profits, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of capital, current account and balance sheet of the new firm.

·        explain the effect of retirement / death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio.

·        develop the understanding of accounting treatment of goodwill, revaluation of assets and re-assessment of liabilities and adjustment of accumulated profits, losses and reserves on retirement / death of a partner and capital adjustment.

·        develop the skill of calculation of deceased partner’s share till the time of his death and prepare deceased partner’s and executor’s account.

·        discuss the preparation of the capital accounts of the remaining partners and the balance sheet of the firm after retirement / death of a partner.

·        understand the situations under which a partnership firm can be dissolved.

·        develop the understanding of preparation of realisation account and other related accounts.

 

Unit-3 Accounting for Companies

Units/Topics

Learning Outcomes

Accounting for Share Capital

·        Features and types of companies.

·        Share and share capital: nature and types.

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·        state the meaning of share and share capital

·        Accounting for share capital: issue and allotment of equity and preferences shares. Public subscription of shares – over subscription and under subscription of shares; issue at par and at premium, calls in advance and arrears (excluding interest), issue of shares for consideration other than cash.

·        Concept of Private Placement and Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP), Sweat Equity.

·        Accounting treatment of forfeiture and re- issue of shares.

·        Disclosure of share capital in the Balance Sheet of a company.

 

Accounting for Debentures

·        Debentures: Meaning, types, Issue of debentures at par, at a premium and at a discount. Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash; Issue of debentures with terms of redemption; debentures as collateral security-concept, interest on debentures (concept of TDS is excluded). Writing off discount / loss on issue of debentures.

Note: Discount or loss on issue of debentures to be written off in the year debentures are allotted from Security Premium Reserve (if it exists) and then from Statement of Profit and Loss as Financial Cost (AS

16)

and differentiate between equity shares and preference shares and different types of share capital.

·        understand the meaning of private placement of shares and Employee Stock Option Plan.

·        explain the accounting treatment of share capital transactions regarding issue of shares.

·        develop the understanding of accounting treatment of forfeiture and re-issue of forfeited shares.

·        describe the presentation of share capital in the balance sheet of the company as per schedule III part I of the Companies Act 2013.

·        explain the accounting treatment of different categories of transactions related to issue of debentures.

·        develop the understanding and skill of writing of discount / loss on issue of debentures.

·        understand the concept of collateral security and its presentation in balance sheet.

·        develop the skill of calculating interest on debentures and its accounting treatment.

·        state the meaning of redemption of debentures.

 

Part B: Financial Statement Analysis

Unit 4: Analysis of Financial Statements

Units/Topics

Learning Outcomes

Financial statements of a Company:

Meaning, Nature, Uses and importance of financial Statement.

Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet in

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·        develop the understanding of major headings

and sub-headings (as per Schedule III to the

prescribed form with major headings and sub headings (as per Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013)

 

Note: Exceptional items, extraordinary items and profit (loss) from discontinued operations are excluded.

·        Financial Statement Analysis: Meaning, Significance Objectives, importance and limitations.

·        Tools for Financial Statement Analysis: Comparative statements, common size statements, Ratio analysis, Cash flow analysis.

·        Accounting Ratios: Meaning, Objectives, Advantages, classification and computation.

·        Liquidity Ratios: Current ratio and Quick ratio.

·        Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity Ratio, Total Asset to Debt Ratio, Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio. Debt to Capital Employed Ratio.

·        Activity Ratios: Inventory Turnover Ratio, Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio, Trade Payables Turnover Ratio, Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio, Net Asset Turnover Ratio and Working Capital Turnover Ratio.

·        Profitability Ratios: Gross Profit Ratio,

Operating Ratio, Operating Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio and Return on Investment.

Companies Act, 2013) of balance sheet as per the prescribed norms / formats.

·        state the meaning, objectives and limitations of financial statement analysis.

·        discuss the meaning of different tools of ‘financial statements analysis’.

·        develop the skill of preparation of preparation of comparative and common size statement, understand their uses and difference between the two.

·        state the meaning, objectives and significance of different types of ratios.

·        develop the understanding of computation of current ratio and quick ratio.

·        develop the skill of computation of debt equity ratio, total asset to debt ratio, proprietary ratio and interest coverage ratio.

·        develop the skill of computation of inventory turnover ratio, trade receivables and trade payables ratio and working capital turnover ratio and others.

·        develop the skill of computation of gross profit ratio, operating ratio, operating profit ratio, net profit ratio and return on investment.

Note: Net Profit Ratio is to be calculated on the basis of profit before and after tax.

Unit 5: Cash Flow Statement

Units/Topics

Learning Outcomes

·        Meaning, objectives Benefits, Cash and Cash Equivalents, Classification of Activities and preparation (as per AS 3 (Revised) (Indirect

Method only)

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·        state the meaning and objectives of cash flow

statement.

 

Note:

(i)  Adjustments relating to depreciation and amortization, profit or loss on sale of assets including investments, dividend (both final and interim) and tax.

(ii)  Bank overdraft and cash credit to be treated as short term borrowings.

(iii)  Current Investments to be taken as Marketable securities unless otherwise specified.

·        develop the understanding of preparation of Cash Flow Statement using indirect method as per AS 3 with given adjustments.

 Note: Previous years’ Proposed Dividend to be given effect, as prescribed in AS-4, Events occurring after the Balance Sheet date. Current years’ Proposed Dividend will be accounted for in the next year after it is declared by the shareholders.

Project Work

One specific project based on financial statement analysis of a company covering any two aspects from the following:

  1. Comparative and common size financial statements
  2. Accounting Ratios
  3. Segment Reports
  4. Cash Flow Statements

OR

Part B: Computerised Accounting

Unit 4: Computerised Accounting

Overview of Computerised Accounting System

  • Introduction: Application in
  • Features of Computerised Accounting
  • Structure of
  • Software Packages: Generic; Specific;

Accounting Application of Electronic Spreadsheet.

  • Concept of electronic
  • Features offered by electronic
  • Application in generating accounting information – bank reconciliation statement; asset accounting; loan repayment of loan schedule, ratio analysis
  • Data representation- graphs, charts and

Using Computerized Accounting System.

  • Steps in installation of CAS, codification and Hierarchy of account heads, creation of
  • Data: Entry, validation and
  • Adjusting entries, preparation of balance sheet, profit and loss account with closing entries and opening entries.
  • Need and security features of the

Part C: Practical Work

Prescribed Books:

Financial Accounting -I                                                  Class XI                              NCERT Publication

Accountancy -II                                                               Class XI                              NCERT Publication

Accountancy -I                                                                Class XII                             NCERT Publication

Accountancy -II                                                               Class XII                             NCERT Publication Accountancy – Computerised Accounting System Class XII                                                                                     NCERT Publication

 

Suggested Question Paper Design Accountancy (Code No. 055) Class XII (2023-24)

Theory: 80 Marks                                                                                                                                                                       3 hrs.

Project: 20 Marks

S N

Typology of Questions

Marks

Percentage

1

Remembering and Understanding:

Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.

Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas

 

 

44

 

 

55%

3

Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.

 

19

 

23.75%

4

Analysing, Evaluating and Creating:

Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations.

Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.

Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions.

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

 

21.25%

 

TOTAL

80

100%

 

Also you can download complete syllabus PDF – here

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