TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
THINKING ABOUT THE POEM
Que 1 (i) Find in the first stanza, three things that cannot happen in a treeless forest
(ii) What picture do these words create in your mind? “….. sun bury its feet in shadow …..”? What could the poet mean by the sun’s ‘feet’?
Ans. (i) The birds could not sit on trees. No insect can hide in them. There will be no shadow in a treeless forest.
(ii) The picture that these words create is a bare stretch of land burning under the sun in the absence of trees. By Sun’s ‘feet,’ the poet means the movement of the sun across the sky. The sun has been personified here, having feet like a person. As the sun moves across the sky the light of the sun is concealed, as it were, in the leaves and branches of the trees, causing no shadow on the earth. But now there will not be any shadow as there are no trees in the forest.
Que 2 (i) Where are trees in the poem? What do their roots, their leaves, and their twigs do?
(ii) What does the poet compare the branches to?
Ans. (i) The trees are in the poet’s house. The roots try to disengage themselves from the cracks in the verandah. Their leaves strain towards the glass. Their twigs have become stiff with exertion.
(ii) The poet compares the branches to the newly discharged patients coming out of the clinic in a half-dazed state of mind.
Que 3. (i) How does the poet describe the moon: (a) at the beginning of the third stanza, and (b) at its end? What causes this change?
(ii) What happens to the house when the trees move out of it?
(iii) Why do you think the poet does not mention “The departure of the forest from the house” in the letters?
Ans. (i) At the beginning of the stanza, it is a full moon but at the end, it is like a broken mirror. This change is caused by the trees. In the beginning, there were no trees in the forest, so the poet could see the full moon. Now the trees have moved into the forest. So when the poet sees the moon through the leaves and branches of trees it appears broken into pieces.
(ii) There is complete silence in the house after the trees move out of it.
(iii) The poet does not mention the departure of the trees in her letters because till now they were imprisoned. But their departure from the house was like a hard-won freedom. This is both an important and unexpected happening. Perhaps the mention of their departure might have caused some embarrassment to the poet.
Que 4. (i) Does the poet present a conflict between man and nature?
(ii) Adrienne Rich has been known to use trees as a metaphor for human beings; this is a recurrent image in her poetry. What new meanings emerge from the poem if you take the tree to be symbolic of this particular meaning?
Ans. (i) Yes, the poet presents a conflict between man and nature. Plants and trees are used for interior decoration in cities. They seemed to be imprisoned and long for freedom. That is why the trees in the poet’s house moved out of the house into the forest, which is their natural habitat.
(ii) If the poem is taken to be symbolic then we can say that the house is a symbol of human society in which men and women live together. But this is a society that is dominated by men. Trees may be symbols of women. Just as the trees are struggling to move out of the house, similarly women are struggling for freedom by raising their voices against male domination. They are supposed to live within the four walls of the house. They are nothing more than decorative pieces for men just as plants and trees are kept in houses for interior decoration. The forest then is a symbol of the world outside the four walls of the house where women also want to go and enjoy full freedom like men.
Que 5. You may read the poem ‘On Killing a Tree’ by Gieve Patel (Beehive – Textbook in English for Class IX, NCERT). Compare and contrast it with the poem you have just read.
Ans. Do yourself.