CBSE Class 11 Political Science Syllabus 2024-25 (PDF Download)

CBSE Class 11 Political Science Syllabus 2024-25


Chapter No.Chapter NameNo. of PeriodsMarks Allotted
1Constitution: Why and How?128
2Rights in the Indian Constitution8
3Election and Representation146
4Executive14  12
8Local Governments104
9Constitution as a Living Document6  4
10The Philosophy of the Constitution6
 No. of periods & marks allotted to Indian Constitution at Work11240
1Political Theory: An Introduction84
2Freedom10  12
4Social Justice126
6Citizenship12  8
 No. of periods & marks allotted for Political Theory9940
  Chapter No. and Name  Specific Learning ObjectivesSuggested Teaching Learning ProcessLearning Outcomes with Specific Competencies
1 Constitution: Why and How? a) Why do we need a Constitution? Constitution allows coordination and assuranceSpecification of decision- making powersLimitations on the powers of governmentAspirations and goals of a societyFundamental identity of a people b) The authority of a Constitution Mode of promulgationThe substantive provisions of a constitutionBalanced institutional designFamiliarize students with the:Comparative Analysis: Different constitutionsAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to:
Key aspects of the working of the Constitution.Reading of the Preamble  Appreciate the need for a Constitution.   Understand the historical processes and the circumstances in which the Indian Constitution was drafted.   Critically evaluate how constitutions, govern the distribution of power in society.   Analyze the ways in
  Various Institutions of the government in the country and their relationship with each other.Group Discussions and Debates: What happens in an organization in the absence of a set of rules and regulations to run it?
Conditions and circumstances in which the Constitution of India was made.  How far our National Movement influenced the framing of our Constitution?
Key features of the Indian Constitution and other Constitutions of the world.Timeline/Flowchart Question strategy
 Quizwhich the provisions of
the Constitution have
  worked in real political
c) How was the Indian Constitution made? Composition of the Constituent AssemblyProceduresInheritance of the nationalist movementInstitutional arrangements d) Provisions adapted from Constitutions of different countries   
2 Rights in the Indian Constitution a) The importance of rights Bill of Rights b) Fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution Right to EqualityRight to FreedomRight against ExploitationRight to Freedom of ReligionCultural and Educational RightsRight to Constitutional Remedies c) Directive principles of state policyFamiliarize students with the: Fundamental Rights enshrined in the Constitution of India   Manner of protection of rights   Role of the Judiciary in protecting and interpreting these rights   Comparison between Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy.Discussion: Rights, the type of rights, why some rights are considered as fundamental?     Lecture method   Comparative analysis: Rights guaranteed in India and other countries   Brain storming: Whether directive principles should take precedence over fundamental rights?   Drama productionAfter completion of the chapter students will be able to:   Analyze the working of the Constitution in real life   Learn to respect others, think critically, and make informed decisions   Identify violations of the rights to equality and freedom in the society around them
what do the directive principles contain? d) Relationship between fundamental rights and directive principles Collage-Making: Violations of rightsJustify the need for reasonable restrictions on the rights guaranteed.   Use freedom of expression to advocate for ensuring rights is given to people around them.
3 Election and Representation Elections and democracyElection system in IndiaFirst Past the Post SystemProportional RepresentationWhy did India adopt the FPTP system?   Reservation of constituencies   Free and fair electionsUniversal franchise and right to contestIndependent Election Commission f)    Electoral ReformsFamiliarize students with the:   Election process in India   Structure and functions of the Election Commission of India   Rationale of Free and Fair elections.   Need for electoral reforms.Conducting mock elections Comparative analysis: Election processes of different countries Reflecting on cartoons/ caricatures   Group discussion: Challenges and reforms   Reflective inquiry: Recapitulating known factsAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Identify different types and methods of election   Develop critical thinking about the role of various stakeholders in ensuring free and fair elections.   Demonstrate the innate role played by Election Commission   Compare election systems of different countries of the world.
4 Executive What is an executive?What are the different types of executives?Parliamentary executive in IndiaPower and position of PresidentDiscretionary Powers of the PresidentPrime Minister and Council of ministersPermanent Executive: BureaucracyFamiliarize students with the: Meaning of Executive   Distinction between Parliamentary and Presidential forms of Executive   Power and position of the President of India.   Composition, powers and functioning of the Council of Ministers and the importance of the Prime Minister   Importance and functioning of the administrative machinery.Comparative Analysis: Different forms of Executive   Interpretation of Cartoons/ caricatures   Discussion and Debate: Powers and functions of the Real and Nominal Executive   QuizAfter completion of the chapter the student will be able to:   Recognize the meaning of Executive.   Compare and contrast the Parliamentary and Presidential Executive.   Analyze the composition and functioning of the executive.   Know the significance of the administrative machinery.
5 Legislature Why do we need a parliament?Why do we need two houses of parliament?Rajya SabhaLok Sabha c) What does the parliament do? Powers of Rajya SabhaFamiliarize the students with the: Importance of Legislature.   Types of Legislatures- Unicameral and Bicameral.   Powers and functions of the Indian Parliament  Comparative Analysis: Powers and functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha   Passing of a Bill-Class activity/Mock Parliament   Map activity: Identification of states with bicameral legislatures   Cartoon InterpretationAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Describe the law- making process in India.   Differentiate between the powers and functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Special Powers of Rajya SabhaHow does the parliament make laws?How does the parliament control the executive?What do the committees of parliament do?How does the parliament regulate itself?Law-making process and the different types of bills in India   Instruments of parliamentary control over the executive.   Composition, powers and functions of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Examine the parliamentary control over the Executive.   Analyze the role of Parliamentary committees for the success of Indian democracy.
6 Judiciary a) Why do we need an independent judiciary? Independence of JudiciaryAppointment of JudgesRemoval of JudgesStructure of the Judiciary   Jurisdiction of supreme CourtOriginal JurisdictionWrit JurisdictionAppellate JurisdictionAdvisory JurisdictionJudicial ActivismJudiciary and RightsJudiciary and ParliamentFamiliarize the students with the: Need of an independent Judiciary.   Different jurisdictions of the Supreme Court   Distinction between Judicial Activism, Judicial Review and Judicial Over-reach   Conflicts between Judiciary and Parliament.Constructivist approach: The importance of India’s Judicial System. Moot Courts Discussion: Enhancing assertiveness of the Indian Judiciary.   Debates: How far separation of Powers is practiced?After completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Identify the different aspects which makes the Judiciary independent   Compare and contrast the different jurisdictionsAnalyze the reasons why Judiciary has become proactive.   Examine the reasons for the conflicts between the judiciary and parliament with respect to Constitutional Amendments.
7 Federalism What is Federalism?Federalism in the Indian ConstitutionDivision of PowersFederalism with a strong central governmentConflicts in India’s federal systemCentre-State RelationsDemands for AutonomyRole of Governors and President’s RuleDemands for New StatesInterstate Conflicts e) Special provisions Jammu and KashmirFamiliarize the students with the:   Key ideas & basic concepts of federalism.   Provisions of the Indian Constitution regarding federalism.   Need to have a strong central government in India owing to its diversity and size.   Issues involving relations between Centre and States.  Cartoon interpretation     Textual reading   Group Discussion/Debate: Prevailing issues in Centre-state relations.     Map activityAfter completion of the chapter Students will be able to: Explain the basic features of a federation.   Identify the different levels of the government &subjects on which the union and state governments can make laws.   Discuss the various constitutional provisions that led to a strong Centre in India.
8 Local Governments Why local governments?Growth of Local Government in IndiaLocal Governments in Independent India73rd and 74th amendments73rd AmendmentThree Tier StructureFamiliarize the students with the: Importance and need for local government.   Functions and responsibilities of local government bodies   Significance of the 73rd and 74th AmendmentsRecapitulation of definitions   Timeline: Depicting the emergence of local government.   Flowcharts: On the structural arrangement of Panchayati Raj.   Concept maps: The functions of local government bodies at the rural and urban levelAfter completion of the chapter, students will be able to: Understand the Panchayati Raj system of local government in India, its emergence and significance   Identify the objectives, functions and sources of income of rural and urban local government
ElectionsReservationsTransfer of SubjectsState Election CommissionersState Finance Commission74th AmendmentImplementation of 73rd and 74th AmendmentsMerits and demerits of decentralization   Challenges faced by local government bodiesGroup presentation: Amendments   Debate/group discussion: The merits and demerits of decentralizationbodies   Justify the significance of 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments   Acknowledge and examine the significance of decentralization   Introspect and realize the need to empower local government bodies
9 Constitution as a Living Document Are constitutions static?How to amend the constitution?Why have there been so many amendments?Contents of amendments made so farDiffering InterpretationsAmendments through Political ConsensusControversial AmendmentsFamiliarize students with the:   Working of the Indian Constitution   Response of the Indian Constitution to the changing circumstances   Process of amending the Indian ConstitutionDifferent types of amendmentsBrainstorming: To assess the achievements and drawbacks of our Constitution   Debate: Should the Judiciary have the power to determine the validity of amendments?   Discussion: Are the amendments in the Constitution as per the needs and circumstances or guided by the whims and fancies of the ruling party?After completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Analyze the working of the Constitution.   Know the various amendments that have taken place and the controversies raised.   Appreciate why the Constitution is called a Living Document.
Basic structure and evolution of the constitutionConstitution as a Living DocumentContribution of the JudiciaryMaturity of the Political LeadershipRole of the Judiciary in protecting and interpreting the Constitution  
10 The Philosophy of the Constitution a) What is meant by philosophy of the constitution? Constitution as Means of Democratic Transformation   Why do we need to go back to the Constituent Assembly?   What is the political philosophy of our constitution?Individual freedomSocial JusticeRespect for diversity and minority rightsSecularismFamiliarize students with the:Group discussion: Guiding philosophy of the Indian ConstitutionAt the completion of the chapter, students will be able to:
Meaning and need for a political philosophy approach to the Constitution.  Question Strategy Quiz  Appreciate the philosophical vision of our Constitution.
Intentions and concerns of those who framed the Constitution.  Reading the work of Great thinkersRecognize the core features of the Indian Constitution.
Philosophy of Indian Constitution. Evaluate the strengths and limitations of the Constitution.
Strengths and limitations of the Constitution. 
Universal franchiseFederalismNational identityProcedural AchievementsCriticismsLimitations   
1 Political Theory: An Introduction   What is politics?What do we study in political theory?Putting Political theory into practiceWhy should we study political theory?Familiarize students with the:   Meaning and importance of political theory in Political Science.Collecting political cartoons from various newspapers and magazines and discussing the issues raised Reading the works of great thinkersAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Define the term politics and identify various political principles.   Explain the innate ideas of various Political theories.   Appreciate the contribution of Political Thinkers (example: Jean Jacques Rousseau).
Various political concepts  Quiz
Contribution of Political Thinkers
Basic questions: 
How should society be organized?Why do we need a government? 
2 Freedom a) The Ideal of freedomFamiliarize students with the:   Struggle of Nelson Mandela and Aung San Suu Kyi against the unjust Political System.Discussion: Individual freedom   Debate: Does dress code curtail individual freedom?   Comparative Analysis: Negative and positive libertyAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to:   Appreciate the ideal of freedom.
The sources of Constraints-Why do we need constraints?The Harm PrincipleNegative and Positive liberty  Concept of ‘Freedom’.   Sources of Constraints and need for Constraints   Importance of freedom for Individuals and the society in general.   Differentiate between the Negative and Positive liberty.   Harm Principle as advocated by J.S Mill  Examine current case studies related to the topic.   QuizCritically evaluate the dimensions of negative and positive liberty.Demonstrate spirit of enquiry   Explain the ideas introduced by J.S. Mill in Harm Principle.   Assess the possible limitations on freedom resulting from the social and economic structures of society.
3 Equality a) Why does equality matter? Equality of opportunities Natural and Social InequalitiesThree dimensions of equalityFeminism, SocialismHow can we promote equality?Familiarize students with the:   Concept of Equality.   Different dimensions of equality—political, economic, and social   Various ideologies of Socialism, Marxism, Liberalism and Feminism.   Different methods to promote equality.Discussion and debate: Promotion of equality   Reading the works of great thinkers. . Reflective Enquiry and Recapitulation   Skit on Equality Role playAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Understand the moral and political ideals of equality.   Assess how equality is perceived through different ideologies   Recognize the means and methods to promote equality.
   Evaluate the possible solutions to minimize inequality.
4 Social Justice a) What is Justice? Equal Treatment for EqualsProportionate JusticeRecognition of Special NeedsJust distributionJohn Rawls Theory of JusticePursuing Social JusticeFree Markets versus State InterventionFamiliarize students with the:   Meaning of Justice   Principles of justice followed in different societies   Concept of distributive and proportionate justice   Arguments of John Rawls ‘on fair and just society.   Advantages and limitations of free marketDebate: Free Markets versus State Intervention   Quiz   Comparative Analysis: Dimensions of justiceAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Classify the different dimensions of justice.   Appreciate the measures taken by the government of India to secure social justice.   Enlist the basic minimum requirements of people for living a healthy and productive life.   State John Rawls’ theory of veil of ignorance.
5 Rights What are Rights?Where do rights come from?Legal rights and the stateKinds of rightsRights and responsibilitiesFamiliarize students with the:   Definition and significance of rights.   Rights as guaranteed to all the citizensDiscussion: Importance of rights   Collaborative Learning- Assigning task for acquiring information on different types of rights.   Comparative analysis: Different type of rightsAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Define rights   Identify the need for rights and its importance to mankind.
 Importance of Human Rights   Different kinds of rights- Political, Civil, Socio- Economic, Cultural and Educational. Explain why rights need to be sanctioned by law.   Describe the features of different kinds of rights.
6 Citizenship IntroductionFull and equal membershipEqual RightsCitizen and NationUniversal CitizenshipGlobal CitizenshipFamiliarize students with the: Debates associated with citizenship   Relationship between the citizen and the nation; and different criteria of citizenship adopted by various countries.Discussion: Norms of granting citizenship put forth by different countries   Debate: Should India grant dual citizenship?     Interpretation of newspaper articlesAfter completion of the chapter, Students will be able to: Explain the meaning of citizenship.   Contribute to meaningful discussion on ways of granting citizenship.
 Issues about refugees or illegal migrants   Concept of Global Citizenship Discuss the probable solutions or alternatives to solve citizenship issue.
   Analyze the problems to be surmounted to strengthen links
   between the people and governments
7 Nationalism a) Introducing NationalismFamiliarize students with the: Emergence and phases of nationalismRecapitulation of definitions.   Group interaction: The factors that help in creating the sense ofAfter completion of the chapter, students will be able to:
b) Nations and Nationalism Shared BeliefsHistoryShared National IdentityNational self-determinationNationalism and Pluralism  Distinction between state, nation, and nationalism   Concept of National self- determination   Difference between Nationalism and Pluralismcollective identity   Textual explanation   Debate: Can identity claims lead to social divisions or will it strengthen and recognize multiple identities?Understand the concepts of nation and nationalism   Assess the strengths and limitations of nationalism.   Identify and build an understanding on the factors related to creation of collective identities   Examine the concept of national self- determination   Acknowledge the need to make nations more democratic and inclusive
8 Secularism a) What is Secularism? Inter-religious DominationIntra-religious DominationSecular StateThe western model of secularismThe Indian model of secularismFamiliarize students with the: Meaning of Secularism   Inter-religious and Intra- Religious Domination.   Characteristics of a Secular StateDiscussion and Debate: On Indian Secularism   Inquiry based learning   Comparative Study: The Western model and the Indian model of secularism.After completion of the chapter, student will be able to:   Define Secularism.   Differentiate between Inter-religious and Intra-Religious Domination.
e) Criticisms of Indian secularism Western ImportMinoritismInterventionistVote Bank PoliticsWestern and Indian Model of Secularism.   Limitations of Indian Secularism Recognize the concept of a Secular State.   Compare Western and Indian Model of Secularism.   Make an appraisal of Indian Secularism.

Prescribed Textbooks:

  1. Indian Constitution at Work, Class XI, Published by NCERT
    1. Political Theory, Class XI, Published by NCERT
    1. Added Reference Material available with the document in the Annexure

Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi and Urdu versions.

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