NCERT Solutions for class 10th Social Science Chapter 29 Disaster Management Introduction

Intext Questions

On Page 3

Question 1. If you were one of the students in the classroom where these ninety-three children were your dear friends, how would you have reacted to it and what steps would you have taken up? Analyze it with your friends and teachers and paste your learnings on the notice board of your classroom.

Answer : I would have tried to get everyone out of the school building immediately and meet all of them at a space outside the building to ensure that everyone had come out. Then I would have called the nearest fire brigade with whatever means were available.
Further, I would take the following steps

  • If any child was burnt, I would give the child first aid, or arrange the same from other people.
  • I would ask for the badly burnt children to be evacuated to a suitable hospital for treatment.
  • Then I would ask the school authorities to make the building fire resistant, so that such a fire does not occur again.
  • I would also ask the school authorities to develop an evacuation plan for fire and ask them to train up all the students in implementing the plan if needed at any time.

On Page 4

Question 1. Develop an evacuation plan for your locality in case you are prone to landslides.

Answer : An evacuation plan will include the following

  • We must familiarize ourselves with the land around us so that we know where you have to go if we have to leave. This should be a place safe from landslides, floods etc.
  • We should contact the related government agencies / local authorities to know about the plans they have made for emergency response and evacuation. Also contact them about their assessment of the risk of a landslide when you suspect it may occur.
  • Evacuation should be carried out only if it is safe to do so. We should not evacuate when a storm is going on.
  • If we decide to remain at home, go to an upper storey (if available) of the home, so that the landslide may not affect you.
  • If you are having large and/or numerous animals (for instance cattle), start evacuating them as soon as you are aware of the impending danger.
  • Inform affected neighbors if possible. Help the neighbours who need help to evacuate.
  • Listen to local radio stations on a battery powered radio for the latest emergency information (there can be many other items in this list, depending on the situation; this is just a sample of some of the steps that can be taken for evacuation).
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